Compounds form an important part of the zinc industry. Zinc-based chemicals contain 12-15% of the world's consumption of dust. Zinc oxide is, to a lesser extent, the most important chemical product of zinc bacon. Manganese on zinc sulfate and zinc chloride are in the next category in terms of their importance and quantity. Other compounds are of secondary importance. For many years, global consumption of oxide and dust has stagnated, although demand for zinc sulfate and zinc chloride is increasing. The growth rate of consumption of zinc and zinc thiocarbonate is consistent with the production of abrasives (the largest use of these compounds). Zinc oxide, which has the highest demand, can be produced in a variety of processes. The purity and quality of zinc oxide depends on its production method. Zinc oxide with high purity is poured in powdered sediment rooms, where particles with different sizes are separated. This substance is commonly known as white. In the direct process (or the American process) raw material used, zinc or zinc ore products that always contain lead.
A carbon material is heated to the raw material, which is recovered as a result of the reduction of zinc in the form of steam. It is oxidized in air and divided into particles of different sizes.
The main zinc compounds are: Hydride (ZnH2), Oxide (ZnO) and Chloride (ZnCl2). Also, this metal has many alloys, including rice, nickel silver, commercial bronze, tin solders, soldered aluminum. High-quality zinc is used to produce molds that are used for automotive, electrical, and hardware applications. A zinc alloys called Prestucts include 78 percent zinc and 22 percent aluminum, most used in steel and molding plastics. This alloy is also used for ceramic and cement molding.
Zinc is also used to prevent corrosion to plating metals such as iron. Zinc oxide is a useful metal in the modern world, which is widely used for the industries and the manufacture of paints, rubber products, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries, floor coverings, plastics, fabric printing, soap making, storage of batteries, textiles, electrical equipment and other products. . Lithopone is a combination of zinc sulfide and barium sulfate that is used to produce materials and pigments.
Zinc sulfide is used to make bright and radiant plates, X-ray plates and TVs and fluorescence lights. Chlorine and zinc chromate compounds are used for important compounds. It is an essential element for the growth of animals and plants.
The raw material is for wet chemical processes of purified zinc solutions. The carbonate or zinc hydroxide is deposited and then filtered, washed, dried and powdered at 800 ° C.
Various types of zinc oxide are used as intermediates in the production of other chemicals. Oxide oxide is deposited, which does not have droplet properties, and special grades such as fine zinc oxides used in photocopying papers. The most important application of zinc oxide in the abrasive industry, which is used in the industry as a hardening agent and sometimes as a filter.
Zinc oxide is used as a dye in solution latex paints. Application of this material in agriculture as a fertilizer enhancer to reduce soil deficiency is less important. Zinc oxide is a part of the formulation in the glass industry, glaze and ceramics. It affects the melting point, optical properties and elasticity, as well as the color and polish of the glass. Zinc oxide is one of the ingredients for powdered facials, lips and creams that are used in the cosmetics industry.
It is also used as an additive to oil, adhesives, drying agents, non-transparent agents and as a catalyst in methanol synthesis.